No crisis in the world today can be effectively resolved without the active intervention of a third party, unless the concerned parties have both the will and capacity to settle their differences. Burma is one case where such will is lacking. With the country on the brink of total collapse and international attention inconsistent and under-funded.
National reconciliation had been seen as the most important objectives to make their society strong, stable, peaceful, and prosperous. The current government used this term to attract armed ethnic groups to its national peace process soon after taking power in 2011. The current peace process seeks to implement the National Peace Accord after a nation-wide ceasefire agreement and political dialogue. Since the beginning of the reconciliation process, many have criticized the process’ order. Most ethnic groups, especially armed ones, preferred political dialogue before a ceasefire agreement, while the Army and Union Peace Working Committee (UPWC) insisted on first signing the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA). The process went on under the Army’s framework, taking nearly five years to sign the NCA, and with the support of only eight out of the 18 armed ethnic groups.
In this regard, we should also look at national reconciliation between government and people. Throughout their history, trust between the government and its people had been lost or violated because of militantly military regimes. Their people desperately need a government that they can trust and love since they have a syndrome of hating and fearing “government.” People hope the NLD might be able to form a new government which could foster reconciliation between it and its people.